The term ‘Swedish massage’ is generally a term applied to various techniques designed to relax muscles by using pressure to them, rubbing in the same direction as blood flow to the heart.
There is debate concerning the origins of the term, suggesting that 스웨디시 massage was developed in the 1700s by a Swedish gymnast named Per Henrik Ling. Another school of thought is that Swedish massage did not originate in Sweden, nor was it created by a Swede, but evolved, and it should correctly be referred to as ‘classic’ massage.
Many of the terms used to denote the basic strokes used in Swedish massage are, in fact, French, and these are thought to have been adopted by a Dutch practitioner Johan Georg Mezger who is generally credited as setting the system we know today as Swedish massage!
Swedish massage techniques include long strokes, kneading, friction, tapping, percussion, vibration, effleurage, and shaking motions.
The usual sequence of techniques are:
Effleurage: gentle stroking with the palms, thumbs, and fingertips
Petrissage: kneading movements with the hands, thumbs, and fingers
Friction: circular pressures with the palms of hands, thumbs, and fingers
Vibration: oscillatory movements that shake or vibrate the body
Hacking: light slaps or karate-style chops